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The Principle of Choosing a Research Paradigm

If you're a researcher, you may wonder what paradigm is best for your project. In this article, we'll discuss the role of paradigms in research and ho

If you're a researcher, you may wonder what paradigm is best for your project. In this article, we'll discuss the role of paradigms in research and how to choose one for your project.

We'll also explain when quantitative approaches are not necessary or sufficient and when qualitative approaches are not necessary or sufficient.

The role of paradigms

Paradigms are frameworks for thinking, acting, and deciding. They help you focus your thinking so that you can make decisions more effectively. They also help us understand the world around us and other people's paradigms.

Paradigms provide a set of rules or expectations that shape our understanding of reality. In this way, they can be thought of as lenses through which we interpret our experiences (or those of others) by allowing us to categorize them into discrete categories based on their similarities or differences from one another

Research Paradigm

A research paradigm is a framework for organizing and conducting research. It provides a way of thinking about the problems you are trying to solve, as well as how you should go about doing so.

There are many different paradigms available, each with its Own strengths and weaknesses. The choice of which paradigm(s) to use depends on your specific goals and context: some paradigms may be more appropriate than others in given situations.

How to choose a paradigm for your research

Choosing a research paradigm can be difficult. It's important to know what each approach has to offer, as well as its drawbacks. For example, if you're working on an experiment that requires a lot of people, then your best bet is going to be the survey method because it requires a lot less time and money than other methods like observation or experiment.

However, if your goal is to understand how people think about something specific (like eating habits), then conducting interviews may be better suited for this purpose than any other approach because they allow researchers direct access to their subjects' thoughts through one-on-one conversations (instead of just observing them).

You should also consider whether or not there are any ethical concerns surrounding your topic before making any decisions about which paradigm will work best for your study.

For instance, if you're trying to figure out why certain groups are more likely than others to commit crimes based on race/ethnicity alone rather than socioeconomic status alone--a question which could potentially lead down some dangerous roads where we start blaming entire races/ethnicities instead of individuals themselves--then using experimental methods might not necessarily yield accurate results since they don't allow us access into people's true motivations behind their actions; instead, these types studies tend only measure how much exposure each group received versus another group's exposure level within society at large.

When quantitative is not necessary or sufficient

When it comes to choosing a research paradigm, the first thing you need to do is determine whether quantitative or qualitative is necessary or sufficient for your project.

If you can answer "yes" to both of these questions, then quantitative will probably be your best bet. If either of those answers is "no," then it's time for some serious soul-searching!

When qualitative is not necessary or sufficient

A qualitative approach is not necessary or sufficient for all research questions. For example: You want to understand what happened in an event (e.g., "What was the impact of the hurricane?"). In this case, you can use a quantitative approach to collect data on events and then analyze them using statistical techniques such as regression or ANOVA.

You want to understand how people think about an event (e.g., "How do people make sense of climate change?"). In this case, you can use a qualitative method such as interviews or focus groups to collect rich data about individuals' perspectives on climate change and then analyze those conversations using methods like grounded theory analysis (GT).

You want to understand how people feel about an event after it has occurred but before it has been fully processed by society at large (e.g., "Do people feel better now than they did before Hurricane Florence hit?"). In this case, we would recommend using survey research methods;

however, if possible we would recommend also conducting in-depth interviews with some respondents so that you have access to both quantitative data collected through surveys as well as rich qualitative data collected through face-to-face interactions with participants from various backgrounds who may offer different perspectives than those found in broader samples used when conducting surveys alone."

Go with the approach that best fits your needs.

The most important thing to remember is that you can use both approaches in the same study. While it's true that quantitative and qualitative approaches are different, they aren't mutually exclusive. My researchers believe that the best studies combine both methods for maximum results.

This approach allows them to get a broader perspective on their research question and provides more complete findings than either one alone could provide on its own. If you're interested in learning more about how quantitative and qualitative methods differ from one another, check out this article from our blog: "Quantitative vs Qualitative Research: What's The Difference?"


Whether you're doing research in social sciences or natural sciences, it's important to choose a paradigm that fits your needs. The best way to do this is by asking yourself some key questions:

Why am I doing this research? What kind of data do I need? How much time do I have? These kinds of questions will help guide your decision-making process and ensure that the right approach is taken at every step along the way.

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